Ties to Early Development of Cognitive Computation in the Brain
People who exhibit impulsive behavior and demonstrate symptoms of personality disorders such as anxiety, depression, and mania typically have an underdeveloped prefrontal cortex (PFC). The PFC is one of the most evolutionarily ancient regions in the brain. It is primarily responsible for inhibiting emotion, judgment and self-control. People who have difficulty with these cognitive functions are more likely to act on impulse or engage in risky behaviors, which can develop into addiction problems. However, the PFC is also the region of the brain where new learning occurs and is involved in adaptive learning and memory processes. The PFC has been shown to be a very important area for learning and memory processes. The ability to “build neural representations” within the prefrontal cortex is thought to be essential for constructive cognitive functioning. Neuroimaging studies have demonstrated that a large majority of instances of new learning in humans occur within this region. In fact, it has been estimated that approximately 80% of the neurons in the human PFC are involved in learning and memory.
The Basic Rules of Syntax
Syntax, or set rules for the grammatical structure of phrases/sentences, led to the development of new brain structure. The Evolutionary Programmer™ hypothesizes that a key mechanism of adaptive learning in the brain is syntactic. A syntactic code is constructed by converting a series of numbers into a string of 0’s and 1’s (in binary code). In much the same way that computer language constructs can be used to create instructions for computers; syntactic rules are sets of grammatical codes that, when used by the brain, enable it to express or structure information in a way similar to computer language. The set rules for developing syntax have been linked to the development of an evolutionarily ancient region in the brain called the basal forebrain. The function of this part of the brain is unknown, but its structure is very ancient.